Title: Gulf of St. Lawrence / Prince Edward Island / Cardigan Bay / Surveyed by Captain H.W. Bayfield, R.N. F.A.S. / 1844 Description: Published first by the UK Admiralty in 1850. This edition includes large corrections to 1901, and small corrections to 1934. Measures 23 1/2 x 38" to the neat line. Shows the area of Cardigan Bay on the east end of PEI, including Panmure Island, Boughton Island, and Georgetown.
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Henry Wolsey Bayfield (1795-1885) was a British naval officer and surveyor. At the age of 10, he joined the Royal Navy as a volunteer. By the age of 22, he was the admiralty surveyor for North America. Between 1817 and 1825, Bayfield surveyed Lake Superior, Lake Erie and Lake Huron, among others. In 1826, Bayfield was promoted commander and the following year returned to Canada to survey the St. Lawrence River. In 1834, he was promoted to captain. In 1841, Bayfield and his wife, Fanny, moved to Charlottetown where he began working surveying the Gulf of St. Lawrence. He retired in 1866 and was promoted admiral on the retired list in 1867. Bayfield died in Charlottetown at the age of 90. He is the namesake of Bayfield, Ontario; Bayfield, Wisconsin; Bayfield, New Brunswick; and Bayfield, Nova Scotia.